Advising on Setting up Subsidiaries in India

Expanding a business into a foreign market is a significant undertaking, and one of the most popular approaches to achieving this is by setting up subsidiaries. In the context of India, a country known for its vast market potential, diverse industries, and emerging economic opportunities, advising on setting up subsidiaries is a critical service. In this blog, we will explore the process of advising on setting up subsidiaries in India, discuss the significance of this service, and provide insights into the key aspects that businesses need to consider during the expansion process.


Advising on Setting up Subsidiaries in India

Advising on setting up subsidiaries in India involves offering comprehensive guidance and support to businesses, both domestic and foreign, that seek to establish separate legal entities in India. These subsidiaries can operate independently while being controlled or partially owned by a parent company, offering a variety of strategic advantages to businesses looking to tap into the Indian market.


The Significance of Advising on Setting up Subsidiaries

  1. Market Entry Strategy: Setting up a subsidiary in India is often part of a strategic market entry plan. Advisors play a crucial role in helping businesses choose the most appropriate form of subsidiary, considering factors such as liability, taxation, and operational control.

  2. Legal and Regulatory Compliance: Navigating the Indian legal and regulatory landscape can be complex. Advisors assist businesses in understanding and adhering to various compliance requirements, including company registration, taxation, and labor laws.

  3. Risk Mitigation: Setting up a subsidiary in a foreign country can be risky. Advisors help identify potential risks and devise strategies to mitigate them, ensuring a smoother transition into the Indian market.

  4. Operational Efficiency: Advisors provide guidance on operational matters, helping businesses establish effective workflows, hire staff, and manage the day-to-day operations of the subsidiary.

  5. Financial Structuring: Advisors assist in financial structuring, including capitalization, fund repatriation, and tax planning, ensuring that the subsidiary operates efficiently and profitably.

Key Aspects of Advising on Setting up Subsidiaries in India

  1. Business Structure: Advising on the appropriate legal structure for the subsidiary, considering options like private limited companies, public limited companies, and limited liability partnerships (LLPs).

  2. Registration and Compliance: Guiding businesses through the registration process, obtaining necessary licenses and permits, and ensuring ongoing compliance with Indian laws.

  3. Taxation and Financial Matters: Advising on the tax implications of subsidiary setup, transfer pricing, and financial planning to optimize tax liability.

  4. Labor and Employment: Providing insights into labor laws, employment contracts, and HR practices in India, helping in recruitment and labor management.

  5. Operational Strategy: Assisting in devising an operational strategy that aligns with the business’s goals, including market entry, supply chain, and customer engagement strategies.


Advising on setting up subsidiaries in India is an essential service for businesses seeking to expand their global footprint. The Indian market offers tremendous potential, but it also comes with a complex regulatory environment that requires a clear understanding of local laws and regulations.

With the right advisory support, businesses can effectively navigate the process of establishing subsidiaries, mitigate risks, ensure compliance, and achieve operational efficiency. This paves the way for a successful and sustainable presence in one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.


1. What is the key difference between a subsidiary and a branch office in India?

  • A subsidiary is a separate legal entity with limited liability, while a branch office operates as an extension of the parent company. Subsidiaries have more autonomy and legal independence.

2. Are there restrictions on foreign ownership in certain sectors when setting up subsidiaries in India?

  • Yes, India has sector-specific foreign direct investment (FDI) regulations that dictate the extent of foreign ownership allowed in different industries. Advisors help businesses navigate these regulations.

3. How long does it typically take to set up a subsidiary in India?

  • The timeline can vary depending on the type of business entity, location, and the specific requirements. It usually takes several weeks to months to complete the process.

4. What are the common tax considerations when setting up subsidiaries in India?

  • Advisors help businesses understand and optimize tax implications, including income tax, goods and services tax (GST), and transfer pricing, among others.

5. What is the role of advisors in choosing the right legal structure for a subsidiary in India?

  • Advisors analyze the business’s goals, risk tolerance, and operational requirements to recommend the most suitable legal structure, such as a private limited company, LLP, or public limited company.

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